[Operation Crusader] Point 175 - November 23, 1941

Libya
By: Brycie35 - Last update: 08/08/2006
Axis Player: Allied Player:
x4 x8 x4 x8


Historical Background:
As part of the drive to open a corridor to Tobruk, the 2nd New Zealand Division was ordered to take the Heights dominating the eastern approaches of Ed Duda, the planned link up site between the town's defenders and the relief force. One of these heights sat upon a major escarpment simply called Point 175. The 6th New Zealand brigade utilizing only one battalion made a combined Infantry-tank assault on this feature, which was defended by Elements of the Afrika Division. Opposition was surprisingly feeble, & the Germans surrendered rather promptly and the position was taken somewhat easily. However, in the excitement of victory the New Zealanders failed to secure their position & prepare for the inevitable German counter attack. Instead they continued to advance in dispersed order & walked right into a further German positions well concealed in the Wadis and at lip of the escarpment.
The counter attacking Germans believe to be under the direct command of Rommel himself unleashed a torrent of fire which knocked of many of the Valentines & drove any surviving New Zealand Infantry to the ground. The Kiwis, with only the kicked up dust for cover began to withdraw back toward point 175, while others took up a holding position just below the crest of the escarpment. The Germans reacted by making their way eastward while maintaining heavy pressure on their opponents. Further to the south A and C Companies were being overwhelmed and forced to surrender, but near point 175 Tank and artillery reinforcements arrived which allowed the New Zealanders to carry out a fighting withdrawal while holding onto the escarpment to the north. By dusk the situation had stabilized and the fighting eased off. Casualties to the New Zealand 25th battalion amounted to two-thirds their original number and official New Zealand history states that "No New Zealand battalion in the Second War lost more men killed in a single action..." than at point 175. Infantry Regiment 361, which was mostly comprised of German ex-Foreign-Legionnaires, also suffered severely however, and at night pull back to man lines several miles back to the west. On the morning of the 24th the Kiwis advanced again and retook the position with ease.
The stage is set, the battle lines are drawn, and you are in command. The rest is history.

Briefing:
Afrika Korps player: 5 command cards
You move first

British/New Zealand Player: 4 command cards

Conditions of Victory:
8 Medals.
Each hex of Point 175 is worth a victory medal to the Afrika Korps player. Place a German victory medal on these locations. As long as the Afrika Korps unit remains on these hexes it continues to count towards the Afrika Korps player victory.

Special Rules:
North Africa Desert rules are in effect (see p. 3).
Moving onto or off the Escarpment is a 2 hex move.
Axis armor units move 1-3 hexes.
Allied armor units move 1-2 hexes.
Axis Special Forces infantry units are Elite Afrika Korps units. They may move 2 and still battle.
Axis Special Forces tank units are light tank units & only have 2-figures.
All Allied Infantry units are Elite New Zealand units. They may move 2 and still battle.
The Allied Special Forces tank unit marked with a New Zealand special forces badge is a 2-Pdr Anti-Tank Portee unit. Treat it as a tank except it can never overrun. It has only 2-figures.
The Allied Special Forces tank units marked with a British special forces badge are light tank units & only have 2-figures.

Scenario Bibliography:
The Oxford Companion to World War 2 - By John Keegan
The World War 2 Databook - By John Ellis
Atlas of World war 2 - By David and Andrew Wiest
ASL Scenario 42 Point of No Return
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Crusader
http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/tei-WH2Tobr-c11.html

Warning:
Please note that this scenario was not approved by Richard Borg or Days of Wonder, so you have to check yourself about playability, potential gaming issues, etc.

Set-up Order
2
1
29
1
2
5
2