Operation Galvanic - November 20, 1943 - November 21, 1943

Operation Galvanic - Landing at Betio, Tarawa
Pacific Theater By: red_zebra - Last update: 12/16/2011
Axis Player: Allied Player:
x9 x12 x11 x12


Historical Background:
The Battle of Tarawa, code named Operation Galvanic, was a battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II, largely fought from November 20 to November 23, 1943. It was the first American offensive in the critical central Pacific region.
It was also the first time in the war that the United States faced serious Japanese opposition to an amphibious landing. Previous landings met little or no initial resistance. The 4,500 Japanese defenders were well-supplied and well-prepared, and they fought almost to the last man, exacting a heavy toll on the United States Marine Corps.
Admiral Shibasaki boasted to his troops, "a million Americans couldn't take Tarawa in 100 years."
"We do not intend to neutralize [the island], we do not intend to destroy it," boasted one admiral, "Gentlemen, we will obliterate it."

Briefing:
Before taking cards, each Marines field commander plays a "barrage" on his sector, flags are ignored, no unit may be targeted twice.

Air rules are in effect: give the Marines Commander in Chief player two Air Sortie card and shuffle the other two in the deck, at game start. Airplanes (Corsairs & Zeros) may only do Strafing runs, no Ground Support or Kamikaze Actions.

US Marines Player: Take 11 Command cards

Japanese Player: Take 9 Command cards.
You move first. Japanese units may not move during the first turn.

Conditions of Victory:
13 Medals.

The HQ command bunker and the Bunker at Temakin Point are Permanent Medal Objective (Turn Start) for the Marines: the Victory Medal is captured and permanently gained when a Marines unit occupies the hex at the start of its turn.

Special Rules:
Imperial Japanese Army Command rules are in effect (Nations 3 - Imperial Japanese Army).
US Marine Corps Command rules are in effect (Nations 4bis - US Marine Corps [Overlord]).

Place a Japanese Elite badge on the 3 Japanese single figure units (Troops 10 - Snipers). Place a Camouflage or Battle Star token on the 3 same units (Actions 16 - Camouflage). The Japanese have 3 camouflaged snipers.

Place a badge on the 4 Marines Engineer units (Troops 4 - Combat engineers).
Place a Marines badge on the Marines Elite unit (Troops 2 - Specialized Units). This unit also follows the rules for Engineer units. (Lieutenant Hawkins' 2d Marines' Scout-Sniper Platoon with Lt. A.G. Leslie's squad of engineers.)

Place a Battle Star with the Marines Elite unit (Scout-Sniper Platoon) to represent Heroic Leader Lieutenant William Deane Hawkins, and with the Marines Engineer unit on Red 3 beach to represent Heroic Leader Lieutenant Alexander Bonnyman. (Actions 8 - Heroic Leader).

Place a badge on the 3 Marines Half-Track (Troops 18 - Half-Tracks), Supply Vehicle rules are in effect (Actions 24 - Re-Supply). (The LVT - Amtracs that helped the 1st wave to get ashore)

Japanese tanks are Light Tanks, they battle 2 2 2, otherwise treat as normal armor.

Special Weapons Asset rules (SWAs 4 - Special Weapons Assets) are in effect for the 2 Marines units equipped with Mortars (SWAs 6 - Mortar Late War) and the 1 Marines and 3 Japanese units equipped with Machine Guns (SWAs 7 - Machine Guns Late War). Place the proper badges on these units.

The Japanese are in control of all the Bunkers and may claim them as defensive position. (Terrain 2 - Bunkers). There are no field bunkers.

The hedgehogs represent antitank ditches and other obstacles to vehicles (Terrain 5 - Hedgehogs).

The sandbags represents the coconut log beach barricade (Terrain 12 - Sea Wall).

Roads and Airport tiles count as Open Terrain for all purposes. High Ground tiles are used to mask a row of beach and count as Open Terrain.

The train wagon in the water near the pier represents the sunken ship Niminoa.

Scenario Bibliography:
Tarawa, atoll sanglant. Vic Hubinon & J.M.Charlier
Ha nacido una leyenda: Tarawa. Henry I. Shaw, Jr. Editorial San Martin - Batallas - libro No 8
(Tarawa: A legend is born (Ballantine's illustrated history of World War II., battle book))
Osprey Campaign #77: Tarawa 1943
http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_tarawa.html
http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USMC/USMC-M-Tarawa/index.html
http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USMC/USMC-C-Tarawa/index.html
http://www.lonesentry.com/articles/jp-betio-island/index.html
http://www.tarawaontheweb.org/
With The Marines at Tarawa: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NJyaIc-E9Ms&feature=watch-now-button&wide=1
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Op%C3%A9ration_Galvanic
http://www.interet-general.info/spip.php?article172

Warning:
Please note that this scenario was not approved by Richard Borg or Days of Wonder, so you have to check yourself about playability, potential gaming issues, etc.

Set-up Order
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
5
3
1
7
4
10
11
2
7
14
1
2
9
2
1
1
3
4
4
8
20
2
2
3